J Transcat Intervent.2019;27:eA0021.
Correlation between race and percutaneous coronary intervention
Race is a risk factor for coronary events that shows conflicting data and still has been scarcely studied in the Brazilian population. The present study aimed to assess the influence of race on the development of coronary artery disease, therapeutic outcomes, and major adverse events.
Data from the Central Nacional de Intervenções Cardiovasculares (CENIC) were retrospectively analyzed from June 2006 to March 2016, comparing profiles and results of interventions according to race.
Mixed ethnic ancestry individuals presented a higher incidence of angina and more angioplasty procedures with drug-eluting and bare-metal stents. They showed lower prevalence of dyslipidemia and left ventricular dysfunction, as well as a lower percentage of adverse cardiac events (death, periprocedural infarction and revascularization), albeit with no statistical difference. Simple and multiple logistic regression models did not establish race as a significant isolated variable for cardiovascular events.
Mixed ethnic ancestry individuals presented fewer cardiovascular events. However, there was no race-related statistical significance as to the number of deaths or periprocedural infarctions.