J Transcat Intervent. 19/Feb/2019;27:eA201827.
Minimalist approach for transcatheter aortic valve replacement
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement became a routine interventional procedure worldwide, together with improvements in valve technology and optimized implant techniques. The concept of minimalist approach became relevant, aiming at optimal technical implant, fewer perioperative comorbidities, and consequently faster recovery and less associated risks. Compared with surgical aortic valve replacement, reduction of hospital and intensive care unit stay and fewer rates of procedural complications offset the high costs of transcatheter aortic valve replacement valves. The principles of the minimalist approach consist on top performance by experienced structural interventionists, a complete transcatheter basis under local anesthesia and conscious sedation, together with bedside transthoracic echocardiography to access hemodynamic features. It is necessary to customize transcatheter aortic valve replacement optimal procedure by revising how to simplify each aspect of the patient’s care process, without losing focus on safety and best outcomes based on individualized patient characteristics, center’s expertise, and multidisciplinary care. This review aimed to summarize the current evidence for a minimalist approach to transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement and provide information for its safe and successful implementation and customization.